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Benefits Broken Down By Service Era

The following links take you to benefits broken down by service era:

Gulf War to Present

Certain illnesses and diseases are “presumed” by VA to be related to your military service in designated areas of Southwest Asia and may entitle you to VA disability compensation benefits. For Gulf War Veterans, these presumptive diseases include:

  • Medically unexplained illnesses (popularly called “Gulf War Syndrome”).
  • Certain infectious diseases.
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosed in all Veterans who had 90 days or more continuous active military service.

Learn more about VA benefits for Gulf War benefits:

Gulf War Veterans may still seek to establish service connection individually for other, “non-presumptive” diseases and illnesses related to service in the Gulf War. Learn more about qualifying for disability compensation for non-presumptive conditions on the Compensation website.

Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry

OEF/OIF/OND/OFS Veterans and Service Members who have deployed to the Southwest Asia theater of operations on or after August 2, 1990 as well as those who have deployed to Afghanistan or Djibouti after September 11, 2001 can use the registry questionnaire to report exposures to airborne hazards (such as smoke from burn pits, oil-well fires, or pollution during deployment), as well as other exposures and health concerns.

Transition and Care Management

Every VA Medical Center has a Transition and Care Management Team ready to welcome Post 9/11 Combat and Non-Combat Veterans Home to help coordinate your health care.  Learn more here.

What our Gulf War and Post 9/11 Era Veterans need to do:

Learn more about your benefits by reading these links
Contact our Service and Benefits Program to discuss filing for benefits: MDVA Service and Benefits Program
Register for the VA Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry

Atomic Era

Depending on when you served in the military, you may have been exposed to radiation.

Learn more about what you can do if you were exposed here.

VA: Exposure to Radiation Exposure

U.S. Department of Justice: Radiation Exposure Compensation Act
The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (“the Act” or “RECA”), 42 U.S.C. § 2210 note (2012) established an administrative program for claims relating to atmospheric nuclear testing and uranium industry employment. The Act delegated authority to the Attorney General to establish procedures and make determinations regarding whether claims satisfy statutory eligibility criteria.

Vietnam Era

The U.S. military used Agent Orange to clear plants and trees during the Vietnam War. If you served in Vietnam or in or near the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) during the Vietnam Era—or in certain related jobs—you may have had contact with this herbicide. Find out if you can get disability compensation and other benefits for illnesses possibly caused by Agent Orange.

Illnesses the VA presumes are connected to Agent Orange exposure.


  • Chronic B-cell leukemia: A type of cancer that affects your white blood cells (cells in your body’s immune system that help to fight off illnesses and infections)
  • Hodgkin’s disease: A type of cancer that causes your lymph nodes, liver, and spleen to get bigger and your red blood cells to decrease (called anemia)
  • Multiple myeloma: A type of cancer that affects your plasma cells (white blood cells made in your bone marrow that help to fight infection)
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma: A group of cancers that affect the lymph glands and other lymphatic tissue (a part of your immune system that helps to fight infection and illness)
  • Prostate cancer: Cancer of the prostate (the gland in men that helps to make semen)
  • Respiratory cancers (including lung cancer): Cancers of the organs involved in breathing (including the lungs, larynx, trachea, and bronchus)
  • Soft tissue sarcomas (other than osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, or mesothelioma): Different types of cancers in body tissues such as muscle, fat, blood and lymph vessels, and connective tissues

Other illnesses:

  • AL amyloidosis: A rare illness that happens when an abnormal protein (called amyloid) builds up in your body’s tissues, nerves, or organs (like your heart, kidneys, or liver) and causes damage over time
  • Chloracne (or other types of acneiform disease like it): A skin condition that happens soon after contact with chemicals and looks like acne often seen in teenagers. Under our rating regulations, it must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of contact with herbicides.
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2: An illness that happens when your body is unable to properly use insulin (a hormone that turns blood glucose, or sugar, into energy), leading to high blood sugar levels
  • Ischemic heart disease: A type of heart disease that happens when your heart doesn’t get enough blood (and the oxygen the blood carries). It often causes chest pain or discomfort.
  • Parkinson’s disease: An illness of the nervous system (the network of nerves and fibers that send messages between your brain and spinal cord and other areas of your body) that affects your muscles and movement—and gets worse over time
  • Peripheral neuropathy, early onset: An illness of the nervous system that causes numbness, tingling, and weakness. Under our rating regulations, it must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of contact with herbicides.
  • Porphyria cutanea tarda: A rare illness that can make your liver stop working the way it should and can cause your skin to thin and blister when you’re out in the sun. Under VA’s rating regulations, it must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of contact with herbicides.

What our Vietnam Era Veterans need to do:

  1. Learn more about exposure and VA benefits: VA Benefits for Agent Orange Exposure
  2. Contact our Service and Benefits Program to discuss filing for benefits: MDVA Service and Benefits Program
  3. Register for the VA Agent Orange Health Exam

VA’s Agent Orange Registry Health Exam alerts veterans to possible long term health problems that may be related to Agent Orange exposure during their military service.  The registry data helps VA understand and respond to these health problems more effectively.  This health exam includes an exposure history, medical history, physical exam, and any tests if needed.  A VA health professional will discuss results with the veteran and in a follow up letter.  Learn more about the Agent Orange Registry here. 

VA Benefits for World War II and Korean War Veterans

Benefits for World War II Veterans Exposed to Ionizing Radiation

World War II era Veterans may qualify for health care and compensation benefits if you were exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Health care services include an Ionizing Radiation Registry health exam and clinical treatment at VA’s War Related Illness and Injury Study Centers. You may also be entitled to disability compensation benefits if you have certain cancers as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation during military service.

Learn more about VA benefits for Veterans exposed to ionizing radiation:

Additional VA Benefits for World War II Veterans can be found by visiting the VA’s website.

Benefits for Korean War Veterans Who Experience Cold Injuries

Veterans who experienced cold injuries may have medical conditions resulting from a cold-related disease or injury. Examples of cold-related medical conditions include: skin cancer in frostbite scars, arthritis, fallen arches, stiff toes, and cold sensitization. These cold-related problems may worsen as Veterans grow older and develop complicating conditions such as diabetes and peripheral vascular disease, which place them at higher risk for late amputations.

Learn more about cold injuries on the Veterans Health Administration’s Cold Injuries page.

Additional VA Benefits for Korean War Veterans can be found by visiting the VA’s website.

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